runner on the beach

Exposure to Sunshine May Alter Your Metabolism

Evan Stevens When I was younger and first starting out on my nutrition journey, I was very much in favor of taking all my vitamins and minerals in pill form. It was quick, easy, and it allowed me to not worry too much about the food I was or wasn’t eating while I was away,

The Role of Biofeedback in VO2 Max Testing

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas There are various approaches attempting to modify cardiovascular reactivity in healthy adults and athletes, such as using contingent (true) and non-contingent (false) heart rate biofeedback. In previous studies, subjects who receive instruction to compete for heart rate reduction perform differently, indicating that biofeedback is an effective method for heart rate

Bicep curl

Cross-Exercise: Which Training Program is Better?

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Cross-education training is defined as a neurophysiological phenomenon where there is an increase in strength in an untrained limb following unilateral strength training in the opposite, contralateral limb. This can also be called cross-exercise, contralateral training or inter-limb transfer, however the most commonly used and the term most researched would

Nervous athlete

The Most Effective Coping Technique for Competition Performance

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas An athletes’ ability to handle their nerves and perform under pressure leads to successful performance outcomes in competition. Athletes who exhibit vital self-regulatory processes while competing enable an athlete to regulate physiological and psychological states to help guide sport behaviors and decision-making that lead to goal achievement. Without effective coping

Effect of Endurance Training on Lactate Threshold

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Tools for aerobic fitness evaluation in endurance training are used in sport and clinical fields to test blood lactate levels for training and competition. Anaerobic threshold (LTAN) is defined as the point during exercise at which lactic acid starts to accumulate in the muscles, the point in intense exercise that

Male runner and dog

Vigorous Exercise May Prevent Predisposed Diabetes

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas The kidneys are an essential organ that have many functions, such as regulate the body’s fluid levels, keep blood minerals in balance (sodium, phosphorus, potassium), release a hormone that regulates blood pressure, filters waste and toxins from the blood, play a role in blood glucose regulation, and release the hormones

The Trick Stress Plays on Your Metabolism

Gillian White – BSc, MSc., PhD Candidate A sheep in wolf’s clothing: The mean trick stress plays on your body’s metabolism. University of Toronto, Department of Exercise Sciences For most people reading this article, it’s a no-brainer to say that stress is bad. What stress is an why it’s “bad” is a little bit hazier. There

Elevation Training Mask

The Elevation Training Mask – A Competitive Advantage

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Elite and well-trained athletes search for the competitive edge in their training to optimize their competition results. Altitude training and respiratory muscle training (RMT) have been reported to improve performance in aerobic capacity in competitive distance runners. For athletes who train in environments that lack diversity of altitudes, devices such

Can Head Cooling Increase Aerobic Performance In The Heat?

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Thermoregulation and managing heat stress is critical for aerobic and anaerobic athletes that complete in hot and dry conditions. Competing in such conditions can diminish physical performance, and athletes tolerate varying levels of temperature exposure. Various cooling methods have been employed to address rising body temperatures and thermal stress.  The

woman blowing nose

10 Ways To Boost Your Immunity

Dayton Kelly The following was adapted from a combination of speeches given at the European Sports Science Conference 2017, most notably Walsh, N. et al. and Nieman, D. . Everyone hates getting sick. It is uncomfortable, it keeps you away from the things you love and it makes training difficult. Thus, it is a priority