Effect of Endurance Training on Lactate Threshold

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Tools for aerobic fitness evaluation in endurance training are used in sport and clinical fields to test blood lactate levels for training and competition. Anaerobic threshold (LTAN) is defined as the point during exercise at which lactic acid starts to accumulate in the muscles, the point in intense exercise that

Male runner and dog

Vigorous Exercise May Prevent Predisposed Diabetes

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas The kidneys are an essential organ that have many functions, such as regulate the body’s fluid levels, keep blood minerals in balance (sodium, phosphorus, potassium), release a hormone that regulates blood pressure, filters waste and toxins from the blood, play a role in blood glucose regulation, and release the hormones

The Trick Stress Plays on Your Metabolism

Gillian White – BSc, MSc., PhD Candidate A sheep in wolf’s clothing: The mean trick stress plays on your body’s metabolism. University of Toronto, Department of Exercise Sciences For most people reading this article, it’s a no-brainer to say that stress is bad. What stress is an why it’s “bad” is a little bit hazier. There

Elevation Training Mask

The Elevation Training Mask – A Competitive Advantage

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Elite and well-trained athletes search for the competitive edge in their training to optimize their competition results. Altitude training and respiratory muscle training (RMT) have been reported to improve performance in aerobic capacity in competitive distance runners. For athletes who train in environments that lack diversity of altitudes, devices such

Can Head Cooling Increase Aerobic Performance In The Heat?

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Thermoregulation and managing heat stress is critical for aerobic and anaerobic athletes that complete in hot and dry conditions. Competing in such conditions can diminish physical performance, and athletes tolerate varying levels of temperature exposure. Various cooling methods have been employed to address rising body temperatures and thermal stress.  The

woman blowing nose

10 Ways To Boost Your Immunity

Dayton Kelly The following was adapted from a combination of speeches given at the European Sports Science Conference 2017, most notably Walsh, N. et al. and Nieman, D. . Everyone hates getting sick. It is uncomfortable, it keeps you away from the things you love and it makes training difficult. Thus, it is a priority

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Vestibular Migraines: Could Exercise Be The Answer?

Catherine O’Brien My last article highlighted the inverse relationship between headaches and VO2 max levels such that individuals who experienced headaches regularly had, on average, lower VO2 peaks than their control counterparts. Perhaps one of the most interesting findings from Hagen and colleagues’ study was that this inverse relationship was present, even when controlling for

swimming laps

The Effects Of Altitude Training On Competitive Swimmers

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Hypoxic training, also known as altitude training (training at heights above sea level), has been used for athletes in endurance sports to improve performance at sea level. Sport performance is improved when oxygen is transported around the body to working muscles. The more oxygen you can circulate, the harder your

kettlebell swings

Are Thermogenic Dietary Supplements Safe & Effective For Resistance Training?

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Thermogenic dietary supplements are multi-ingredient sports supplements designed to improve athletic performance, promote fat oxidation, and increase thermogenesis (a metabolic process where your body burns calories to produce heat). Many athletes and active individuals look to dietary supplementation to increase body composition, lose weight, and boost exercise performance, especially during

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Don’t Resist Resistance Training

Alyssa Bialowas Introduction The strength and thickness ratio of shoulder stabilizing muscles is essential to support the frequent movement and competitive athletic advantage. Due to the dexterity of the shoulder joint itself, the musculature of the shoulder is complex, making it very vulnerable to injury. Muscle balance of the shoulder requires that the antagonist and

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Do Children Perform Better In Sports Based On Coach’s Gender?

Alyssa Bialowas   Introduction Coaching is a structured practice of development that helps another individual achieve a specific personal goal by providing guidance and teaching. Coaches develop particular leadership styles to influence an athlete’s behavior to help them achieve competitive advancement, as well as influence the psychological, emotional, and spiritual well being of players. Examining

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Are You At Risk For Skin Infection?

Alyssa Bialowas It is challenging to stay healthy in the wintertime; gyms and community centers are swimming with bacteria, fungus, and other things that may reduce your immunity. Going to the gym or participating in training for a competition when you’re already sick with an upper respiratory tract infection, for example a common cold, tonsillitis,