Dancing Can Reverse Aging In The Brain

group of dancers

Julia C. Basso, PhD

A healthy and functional brain requires healthy, intact cells that fire effectively.

Action Potentials

Neurons generate action potentials, which are the brain’s primary source of currency. Action potentials are electrical signals that travel down the neuron. When the action potential reaches the end of the neuron (the axon terminal), the electrical signal is converted into a chemical signal, which enables communication between neurons. The axon of the neuron is covered by the myelin sheath, which is a layer of fat that helps insulate the neuron to allow for faster conduction of the action potential. This protective covering helps expedite communication between the neurons.

Collectively, the axon and myelin are what neuroscientists refer to as the white matter of the brain. As we age, loss of white matter is a common occurrence. This disruption in white matter and the general integrity of the neuron is thought to underlie age-related decline in cognitive functioning and memory.

Related Article: A Conversation Between Dance And Neuroscience

Direction electrical impulse travels


White Matter Factors

Ideally, something could be done to deter both the age-related degeneration in white matter and its associated cognitive impairment. Recently, scientists have found that individuals with higher levels of physical activity and greater levels of cardiorespiratory fitness have improved white matter density (also referred to as integrity). However, few interventional studies have been conducted to examine whether engaging in a physical activity program can lead to improvements in white matter integrity.

Therefore, Drs. Agnieszka Burzynksa and Art Kramer and their team at the University of Illinois conducted a study to examine the effects of 6 monhts of physical activity on white matter in a group of older adults (Burzynska et al., 2017).

Related Article: Exercise Increases Neurons In The Brain

The Study

Data from 174 individuals between the ages of 60 to 79 were collected both before and after 6 months of participation in either a stretching and toning program, a walking program, a walking program with nutritional supplements, or a dance program.

The walking program was intended to be a purely aerobic workout, whereas the dance program added the benefits of cognitive and social stimulation. All dance sessions were led by experienced dance instructors.  Choreographic sequences were taught during each class, with the choreography becoming progressively challenging over the course of the 6-month program.  Dance styles included group social dance styles such as Contra dancing and English Country dancing.

Before and after 6 months of physical activity training, participants had their brains scanned with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner to determine the density of white matter in different regions of the brain.


dancer in the cityCompared to all other physical activity conditions, dance had a special effect on one region of the brain known as the fornix.

Over the course of 6 months, the density of white matter in the fornix decreased for participants in the walking, walking plus nutrition, and stretching/toning groups. Dancers, however, showed a significant increase in fornix density. The fornix is a brain region that carries information from the hippocampus to other regions of the brain, such as the hypothalamus and basal forebrain. This region is primarily involved in the encoding and retrieval of memories, and degradation of this area has been linked to memory impairment.

In the current study, the researchers found that the density of the fornix was related to processing speed or the ability to process and respond to information. No improvements were seen in any of the cognitive tasks assessed, which the authors contribute to the fact that you may need more than 6 months to see improvements in cognitive functioning (even if there are changes in the brain).

Bringing this information back to the level of the neuron, these findings indicate (at least theoretically) that dancing helps neurons to better able carry and communicate information to adjoining neurons.

Related Article: Fitness Helps Brain Function As We Age


In conclusion, this study revealed that the effect of aging on the brain can be seen at time intervals as short as 6 months. Dancing, an aerobic activity that includes elements of social interaction, cognitive stimulation, and emotional engagement, may be one of the best physical activities to protect the brain from aging-induced neurodegeneration.

Rather than doing your regular aerobic exercises, try signing up for a dance class – your white matter may thank you for it!

Related Article: Dance Harmony In Woodstock

You Might Like:

Couple dancing

Do Younger & Older Brains Respond Differently To Dance?

Aga Burzynska, PhD Dance – as a ritual, therapy, and leisure activity – has been known for thousands of years. Today, dance is increasingly used as therapy for cognitive and neurological disorders such as dementia, multiple sclerosis,...
group of dancers

Dancing Can Reverse Aging In The Brain

Julia C. Basso, PhD A healthy and functional brain requires healthy, intact cells that fire effectively. Action Potentials Neurons generate action potentials, which are the brain’s primary source of currency. Action potentials are electrical signals...
group dancing

Dancing Helps Heal Individuals With Parkinson’s Disease

Julia C. Basso, PhD Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by problems of movement.  Though the disease normally manifests after the age of 60, in rare circumstances, the disease may develop...
Dance And Neuroscience

A Conversation Between Dance And Neuroscience

Julia C. Basso, PhD Dance and neuroscience may seem like two distinct fields, but Jody Oberfelder, director, choreographer, and filmmaker, knows that they intersect in intricate ways.  Her recent work, The Brain Piece, just had...


Burzynska, A. Z., Jiao, Y., Knecht, A. M., Fanning, J., Awick, E. A., Chen, T., … & Kramer, A. F. (2017). White matter integrity declined over 6-months, but dance intervention improved integrity of the fornix of older adults. Frontiers in aging neuroscience9.

Woman eating healthy food

The World’s Most Powerful Antioxidant: Glutathione

Gender Differences in Concussion Diagnosis and Treatment

Gender Differences in Concussion Diagnosis and Treatment

Brain health and nutrition

The Importance of Nutrition on Brain Health


Three Types of Exercise for Reducing Anxiety

people jumping

3 Benefits of Exercise and Mental Health


The Surfing Affect on Mood and Well-Being

Woman lifting weights

Does Weightlifting Make You Smarter as You Age?

older couple standing on a wood bridge

A Trick To The Foundation Of Youth?

Muse meditation headband

Muse: A heart rate monitor for your head


3 Ways Physical Exercise Improves Cognitive Function in Middle-Aged Women

Leave a Reply