A Review by Alyssa Bialowas
Exercise-induced affect (EIA) is a cycle that includes various characteristics of physical activity and is often composed of positive affect, negative affect, tranquility, and fatigue (Crussemeyer et al., 2017). EIA has been explored in the recent past but has focused on mainstream land sports such as running, walking, and cycling. It has been determined that physical activity has a positive impact on a person’s well being, and has a significant impact on a person’s psychological state. Affect can be described as the positive or negative feelings created by a specific stimulus. In the physical activity/exercise domain, the affect model consists of two axes, valence (pleasure-displeasure), and activation (arousal-sleepiness). This model suggests that exercise is capable of regulating mood due to energetic arousal and the reduction of tense arousal.
Related Article: Think Positive Thoughts For A Better Workout
Several studies have investigated the effects of exercise on affect, and found that single, acute bouts of exercise have been shown to increase positive affect, tranquility, and positive well-being while decreasing negative affect, depression, and anxiety. No research has been found pertaining to the influence of board sports on affect.
This study examined the effect of a single 30-minute surfing bout on EIA in 107 adult volunteers. In addition, researchers sought to determine if a change in affect was similar based on surfing history, surfing frequency, and surfing skill level. To assess EIA, each participant completed the Physical Activity Affect Scale (PAAS) prior to and immediately following the 30-minute surf session.
The results of the study indicated that a 30-minute bout of surfing significantly increased positive affect and tranquility, and decreased negative affect and fatigue in participants. The greatest increases were found in positive affect and fatigue.
The results of this study are consistent with existing literature surrounding EIA regarding the effects of short, acute bouts of exercise. Varying types of exercise and summer sports activities should be considered to promote physical literacy and improved psychological states. Positive affect and tranquility occurred post-surfing while decreasing negative affect. The psychological benefits associated with surfing should not be overlooked.
Related Article: A Short Workout Might Be All You Need
You Might Like:
Hunter Bennett There is a myriad of factors that affect physical performance capabilities. Things such as training status, emotional state, and of course both current fatigue and recovery status, are some of those that are
Hunter Bennett When it comes to maximizing athletic performance, we often find ourselves seeking out complex training methodologies and fancy new pieces of equipment to get an edge on the competition – and as a
Hunter Bennett Competing and performing in sport requires a huge amount of time, effort, and physical capacity. To perform at a high level, you need the ability to express strength, speed, and power, and maintain
Hunter Bennett When it comes to improving athletic performance (and general health for that matter), there is nothing that derails your progress more than an injury. While many injuries can be trained around in some
Crussemeyer, J., Kress, J., & Pittsinger, R. (2017). “The Effect of a Single Bout
of Surfing on Exercise-Induced Affect.” International Journal of Exercise
Science, 10, 7, 989-999.