Alyssa Bialowas

 

Introduction

Coaching is a structured practice of development that helps another individual achieve a specific personal goal by providing guidance and teaching. Coaches develop particular leadership styles to influence an athlete’s behavior to help them achieve competitive advancement, as well as influence the psychological, emotional, and spiritual well being of players. Examining sports leadership and coaching behaviors imparts fundamental knowledge to sports bodies, leagues, trainers, and coaches to provide information on academic sports literature for sports communities around the globe.

Related Article: Gender May Affect Exercise Motivation

Athletes’ preferences for coaching behavior were measured by researchers in the Philippines. They looked at five dimensions of leadership behavior in a sports context, such as training and instruction, democratic, autocratic, social support, and positive feedback. A variety of social factors were also studied to determine preferred leadership styles of athletes, such as gender, age, maturity level, type of sport and the level of competition.

 

The Study

gender-bodyTo avoid compounds, researchers investigated the behavior of athletes in a particular sport, badminton, to identify and compare young athletes’ leadership preferences based on gender, playing experience, level of competition, and coach gender. They set out to determine if there is a relationship between socio-cultural variables and coach preference among young athletes.

167 subjects between the ages of 9-18 years participated in the study, 91 girls and 76 boys who competed in a 2015 badminton event. The length of player experience was between 1 and 12 years, and their coach supervised the majority of them for less than 6 months, or between 7-12 months. 56 of the student-athletes worked with their coach between 13-24 months and over two years. Data were collected over 7 days during the tournament. Subjects’ demographics were noted, and player preferences for coaching behavior were measured with a 40-item questionnaire.

 

The Results

Results from the study indicate a statistical significance based on the coach’s gender of the athlete, however, results did not indicate a statistical significance in the five leadership dimensions. Results indicated that boys with female coaches preferred more democratic behavior and socially supportive coach behavior, whereas boys with male coaches did not. Girls with male coaches favored the same qualities such as democratic behavior and social support than girls with female coaches.

Related Article: Re-Thinking Gender Based Nutrition

Boys preferred democratic behavior, social support, and autocratic behavior to girls. However, girls preferred training, instruction, and positive feedback more so than boys, but these differences were not statistically significant. Results indicate a lack of gender disparity in coaching style and coach gender among young athletes.

 

Takeaway

The outcomes of this study provide support to the notion that young male and female athletes are more similar than they are different in terms of their preferences for coach behavior. A good coach is a good coach, regardless of gender, as long as the coaching style is socially supportive, provides positive feedback, and employs a mix of democratic and autocratic coaching styles when necessary.




You Might Like:

  • Vegan athlete eating an apple

3 Important Things Athletes Should Consider Before Going Vegan

Alyssa Bialowas The vegan diet is becoming increasingly popular among the general population and is gaining momentum among athletes as well. While traditionally athlete diets have been rich in meat and animal byproducts such

  • Heavy ropes exercise

5 High-Intensity Interval Training Mistakes Athletes Make

Alyssa Bialowas High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is one of the hottest fitness trends right now, and because of this, many people have put their own spin on it to try and make it their

Sleep Deprived? Try This Type of Exercise.

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Sleep deprivation is becoming more and more prevalent these days and unfortunately can have major health implications. Sleep influences everything from your mood to your weight to the sensitivity

The Surfing Affect on Mood and Well-Being

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas Exercise-induced affect (EIA) is a cycle that includes various characteristics of physical activity and is often composed of positive affect, negative affect, tranquility, and fatigue (Crussemeyer et al., 2017).

  • woman running stairs

5 Ways HIIT Improves Fitness in Women

Alyssa Bialowas Research poll after research poll, male and female adults express that one of the biggest barriers they face to frequent exercise is lack of time. One common assumption is that exercise and physical

Does the Keto Diet Affect High-Intensity Exercise Performance?

A Review by Alyssa Bialowas The ketogenic diet has been making waves due to its effective weight loss and health benefits, such as reducing blood sugar levels, increasing good HDL cholesterol and improving heart

References:

Cruz, A., & Kim, H-D. (2017). “Leadership Preferences of Adolescent Players in Sport: Influence of Coach Gender.” Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 16, 172-179.